Fred Ritchin suggests using technology and photography as meta-evidence to validate, qualify and describe the act of photography and of photojournalism.

I am of the opinion … that a special frame placed around the photograph (perhaps a thicker one) indicating that a photograph is “non-fiction” — meaning that it is subjective, interpretive, but the image itself has NOT been manipulated beyond accepted darkroom techniques such as modest burning and dodging — would be helpful.

As well, those images that are staged, such as photo opportunities orchestrated by politicians or other celebrities, would have to be labeled as such in the caption. Whenever possible the staging itself should be revealed by using a second image made from another vantage point to show that what viewers are looking at is not spontaneous but a media event (this second image could be placed under the first, and revealed by rolling over the initial photograph with the computer’s cursor). Or a single photograph can be made from a perspective that reveals the staging (the mob of press, media handlers, special lighting, etc.), not one that conceals it.

After Photography › Twenty-Five Years Ago, And Now